The type of abortion procedure used in elective pregnancy termination is primarily determined by how far a woman is into pregnancy. During the first trimester, you will usually have the option of having a medical abortion procedure or a surgical abortion procedure. Before considering the options, it is recommended that you obtain a sonogram to determine if the pregnancy is viable (uterine, non-ectopic pregnancy) and for accurate pregnancy dating .
Abortions used in the first trimester:
- Methotrexate & Misoprostol (MTX): a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven weeks of pregnancy. This medication combination is not as commonly used in the U.S. with the availability of mifepristone, which works more effectively for this use.
- Mifepristone and Misoprostol: a medical abortion procedure used up to the first seven to nine weeks of pregnancy. It can also be referred to as RU-486, the abortion pill and Mifeprex.
- Manual Vacuum Aspiration (MVA): a procedure used as early as 3 -12 weeks since the last period. Considered less invasive with only a local anesthesia being used on the cervix.
- Aspiration: a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate pregnancy up to 16 weeks from the last period. It can also be referred to as suction curettage, dilation and curettage (D & C) or vacuum aspiration.
Abortions used in the second trimester:
- Dilation & Curettage (D & C): a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy up to 16 weeks gestation. It is also referred to as suction curettage or vacuum aspiration.
- Dilation & Evacuation (D & E): a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy after 16 weeks gestation.
- Induction Abortion: a rarely performed surgical procedure where salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is injected into the amniotic sac; prostaglandins are inserted into the vagina and pitocin is injected intravenously.
Abortions used in the third trimester:
- Induction Abortion: a rarely done surgical procedure where salt water, urea, or potassium chloride is injected into the amniotic sac; prostaglandins are inserted into the vagina and pitocin is injected intravenously.
- Dilation and Extraction: a surgical abortion procedure used to terminate a pregnancy after 21 weeks of gestation. This procedure is also known as D & X, Intact D & X, Intrauterine Cranial Decompression and Partial Birth Abortion. *This procedure is now considered against the law in the U.S. according to the Partial Birth Abortion Ban Act of 1995*
Both sides of the abortion debate are absolute, there is no compromise its either women should have total freedom or all abortions are murder. Some states allow a women to get an abortion up until the fetus can survive outside the womb by itself, other states allow a women to get an abortion whenever they want.
During the 1800s abortions were very dangerous, like other surgeries. Hospitals were uncommon, maternal and infant mortality rates were at an all time high. As medicine began to advance abortion became safer but women who needed abortions, like poor, underclass women couldn’t afford it so they had to get back alley abortions, which were very dangerous and risky.
Roe vs. Wade was a case in which Jane Roe a 21 year old pregnant women represented all women who wanted to get an abortion and Henry Wade was an attorney general who represented the law which was that abortion was illegal. After this case abortion was legal because the right of women to have or not have kids was completely up to women herself and not the state or the government.
Every political season the most heated debate is about abortion, this debate draws everyone in from religious to political. The question that scientists are asking isn’t when does life begin but its when does life become a human being? Pro-life supporters say that the fetus is a human from the start. Pro-choice doctors say that it is not their place to determine for the patient when the life begins for the fetus.
So now the debate is “do we know when human life begins”?
We do know when life begins because according to this article “any biologist knows that when the sperm unites with the egg” thats when life begins. This “embryo” is by definition “the youngest form of a being”. The embryo is being protected and nourished and is therefore considered a human being. The debate then continues to decide whether or not the embryo is considered a person with all the legal rights a person gets.
On the other hand, the other side of the debate is that we don’t know when life ends, much less when it begins. There are four distinct moments that can be thought of the beginning of a human life. The genetic view, embryologic view, neurological view and at or near birth. So according to this we cannot be certain when life begins.
In terms of religion and politics there is a heated debate about when life begins because if life begins when the sperm fertilizes the egg then according to pro-life supporters abortion should be illegal, you are committing murder and killing a person. On the other hand if you don’t know when life actually begins the embryo or fetus is not yet considered a human being, which is what pro-choice supporters believe.
Every year around election time the topic of abortion comes up between the candidates. Whether they are pro or con making abortion legal is always a tough topic and debate to discuss. Regardless of whether abortions are legal or illegal they will always be available to women with money. Insurance companies wont cover abortion due to this debate about whether abortions should be legal or not. Restrictions generally postpone the procedure which causes greater health problems. Restrictive means don’t stop women for having abortions they force them to seek out more dangerous ways of achieving abortion.
With the click of a button on your phone, tablet or computer you can find so much information. You could find out information on a restaurant, an article you were looking for, or someones phone number. The technology we have today has helped us find whatever we need wherever we are.
Surfing the web when you have nothing else to you. It used to be that when you had nothing to do either you would go outside or do something productive or play on a gaming system, now you don’t need to move from your room. You go on your computer and you go on a social network like facebook or twitter and you can sit for hours just staring at your computer screen. We tend to be able to focus on stupid posts on facebook or games that we play but we can’t focus or sit still in a classroom where we need to sit and think. It is hard to sit and think about things without the tv running in the background or your computer being opened.
With all the new technology there is so much you can do with photos and videos. There are so many programs that have been invented to help make editing videos and pictures so much easier. 20 years ago to edit something it took you hours to make a video now it could take up to minutes to edit a video. Now with Photoshop you can edit pictures so easily on the computer and email the picture to anyone you wanted and all pictures and videos are digital.
To write an essay you used to have to use a type writer and correct things with white out and it could not correct spelling or grammar. Now with microsoft word and pages there is a dictionary, thesaurus and a grammar check, it is very hard to have a spelling error now. To write a research paper you used to have to research for hours and hours in a library, now you just have to google what you want and you could easily find so many articles and ideas.
The Internet over the past 10-20 years has affected our lives tremendously. Now with just the click of a button you can find out any information about anyone and anything. The Internet is good because it makes our lives easier, we can send an email that will arrive instantly instead of sending a letter that will arrive in a week or so. 20 years ago if we needed to write a paper we would have had to sit in a library researching for hours, now we just type in what we are looking for in a search engine and multiple links pop up that will guide us to where we need to be.
Other than the Internet the technology that has advanced has been incredible, tvs have gotten bigger and thinner, computers have gone to you needed a full room for them to being able to put it on your lap. Tablets have changed the world you don’t even need a computer anymore you need like a 10 inch tablet that can fit in your bag and you can take it anywhere. Your cell phone can do everything now, from surfing the internet, to emailing, to texting and even on occasion calling a friend. Gaming devices like the Wii and Kinnect have advanced so much that you are the remote. The world of technology is advancing every day and we are forced to keep up with it.