During the 1800s abortions were very dangerous, like other surgeries. Hospitals were uncommon, maternal and infant mortality rates were at an all time high. As medicine began to advance abortion became safer but women who needed abortions, like poor, underclass women couldn’t afford it so they had to get back alley abortions, which were very dangerous and risky.
Roe vs. Wade was a case in which Jane Roe a 21 year old pregnant women represented all women who wanted to get an abortion and Henry Wade was an attorney general who represented the law which was that abortion was illegal. After this case abortion was legal because the right of women to have or not have kids was completely up to women herself and not the state or the government.